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Shark fishing laws in Alabama

Shark fishing laws in Alabama

Prohibited methods for shark fishing in Alabama

You may not throw fish parts, blood remains or cleaned fish into the water near the shoreline. This method is also known as “chumming” and doing this can result in a heavy fine up to $400. According to Alabama & federal law, anglers must use a non-stainless, non-offset circle hook with natural baits. This makes it easier to remove a non-offset hook and non stainless steel hooks are more likely to disintegrate if not retrieved. In addition, any hook with two or more points will not be tolerated. Keep in mind that when catching sharks on a public or private pier, you must be within 300 feet of the shoreline. Alabama Law does not specify time for shark fishing, however, early mornings or late night feeding time is when sharks are commonly caught. It’s also safer due to fewer people swimming in the Gulf of Mexico at those times.

Protected species of sharks in Alabama

The great white shark is one of many international protected species in Alabama. When you catch a great white shark, you are only allowed to take pictures with it. Great white sharks are a protected species, and it is a violation of federal laws to harvest and keep them. Other prohibited shark species in Alabama can also include Atlantic Angel Shark, Big-eye Sand Tiger, Thresher Shark, and Sandbar sharks. This link includes Alabama shark fishing laws and regulations.

Species of shark that can be caught in Alabama

Sharks that can be caught in Alabama can include Scalloped Hammerheads, Bull Sharks, Makos, and not to mention one of the most popular coastal sharks, the Black-tip shark. Live bait such as bluefish, squid, or bonito can make good shark bait. Makos usually prefer hard drop-offs, wrecks, or ridges as well as water temperatures that range between 64 to 70 degrees. Scalloped Hammerheads primarily live in shallow coastal waters and only found in small numbers, their population has drastically fallen due to the recent overfishing. Here’s a link that has a list of all the prohibited species of sharks that may not be kept.

In conclusion, shark fishing laws in Alabama are mostly in place to protect various species of sharks. It’s very important to know what locations prohibited shark fishing and what violations are included. Shark fishing laws do vary from state to state. As a sportsman it’s imperative that all conservation laws are followed. If these laws and regulations seem a bit overwhelming, we work with many professional guides that are well versed in the subject.


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